Wednesday, May 11, 2011

The Cannery.


During the 1906 Earthquake and fire of San Francisco, several of the plant facilities owned by the California Fruit Canners Association were destroyed.  That same year, the company gained ownership of a cleared lot on the corner of what are now Leavenworth and Beach Streets, in order to build a new cannery and warehouse.

The New Cannery Building. 1906.

This new waterfront location was perfect for the new fruit and vegetable canning plant.  The location provided berthing for ships, a rail system for bringing fruit and other produce directly from California's fertile agricultural valleys, and a convenient way to ship finished cargo on ocean-bound vessels.


President Roosevelt's Great White Fleet passes in front of The Cannery. 1908.

Cannery workers were able to have a front row view in 1908, as the Great White Fleet steamed through the San Francisco.  The fleet was on it's way around the world on the goodwill tour ordered by President Theodore Roosevelt.


Cannery workers soldering the cans. 1909.

 By 1909, The Cannery the largest fruit and vegetable canning plant in the world, producing over 200,000 hand-soldered cans per day and employing 2,500 people.  The California Fruit Cannery Association eventually changed their name to "Del Monte." 

Hand car.

Crates of peaches were transported by hand car from railroad cars into the cannery for processing.

Crates of Peaches.
After male workers delivered full lugs of peaches to the preparation tables, women removed the pits with spoon-shaped knives and cut each peach in half. The halves were then taken to the peeling department before canning.

Sliced peaches on a conveyor belt inside the factory.
Containers were then filled with peaches through a hole in the lid, which was then plugged with a metal disk and sealed by hand with a solder.


The Cannery. 1923.
This historic photo shows The Cannery in 1923.  To the bottom left of the photo, one can see what would become Hyde Street Pier Ferry Terminal and the Aquatic Park, both of which were built over the rubble from the 1906 Earthquake.

Behind The Cannery, one is able to see North Beach and a bare Telegraph Hill, with the absence of Coit Tower.  Coit Tower would be built 10 years after this photo was taken.  Another familiar landmark is visible in the background - the twin towers of St. Peter and Paul's Church were being built at the time of the photograph.


The Cannery closed in 1937.
As a result of The Great Depression, The Cannery ceased production in 1937.  The Cannery became a warehouse for various companies until the 1960s, when it was doomed to undergo demolition.


Leonard Martin heroically saved the brick-walled cannery by purchasing it in 1963.  His reason for purchasing The Cannery was first to "save the historic structure from the wrecker's ball and, second, to preserve this landmark, not as a static monument but as 'a place for people to detach themselves from everyday hustle and bustle, in an environment reminiscent of the romantic marketplaces of Europe.'"

In an effort to preserved what was left of the original cannery, Martin enlisted a remarkable team of legendary creative and technical professionals to restore the abandoned cannery into a three-level walled city of brick walkways and bridges which would become a hub of fine stores, restaurants and entertainment venues.

Main walkway of the new cannery.

One of the major decisions was to split the massive factory into two buildings, divided by a zigzagging corridor open to the sky.  For preservation purposes, all of the outside walls except those in the central corridor are from the original cannery and packing plant.  Magnolia and pear trees are planted in the central corridor, while the 75-foot wide courtyard is dotted with 20-foot high olive trees, over 130 years old.  These beautiful trees are from an old grove near Marysville, California.

The Present Cannery Courtyard

"In The Cannery we have balconies, open arcades, outdoor escalators, broad and open stairs and a dramatic outdoor glass elevator. We wanted to retain the rich, exciting feeling of a colorful marketplace," stated The Cannery's architect Joseph Esherick.  The beautiful new cannery opened in 1967.   It is now a place for people to sit and relax in the sun, amid flower carts and sidewalk cafes.
San Francisco's street musicians and entertainers perform in the courtyard, and special events are often scheduled, always free to the public.

The Present Cannery Courtyard.

1970 - Present.

The Present Cannery.

Thanks in part to Leonard Martin, The Cannery received an Honor Award in 1970 from the American Institute of Architects and, along with Ghiradelli Square, spurred a national movement to recycle older buildings and influenced tax legislation to preserve them.  The Cannery is still owned by the Martin family. 


sstepanov said...

Fantastic article! Loved seeing the historic photographs and learning more about this great property. However, the Martin family no longer owns The Cannery. As of 2007, the property was owned by Vornado (NYSE: VNO) and was in default last year. While in their possession, it was a joint ownership with Patson Companies in SF.

Early Gardner said...

In the late 1960s-early 1970s there was a photography shop in the Cannery just off the court yard on the left perhaps the first shop on the left. The photography was at the time almost as famous as Ansel Adams. He had panoramic black and white of the Golden Gate bridge, and an unpublished photo of a young WWII soldier, his Asian wife, and their baby with its hand on the mothers breast. The photo really moved me, and when I went back the next morning, the photographers wife was there. When I told her of my emotional experience, she and I were both crying. I have tried for years to find his name, since I forgot it shortly after, and before the internet was around. Early Gardner RN New Mexico.

Nonni said...

I loved this wonderful place! I lived in Dublin in 1970-1973 and made many trips to SF. The Cannery was my favorite place of all. Lots of cool shops and markets, it was vibrant and groovy [as we said in the 70's!!!] I am happy to see that it is still going...however I read that it is not so vibrant any longer. I hope it gets it cool factor back, it was really something!

SandraPaulsenPhD said...

Looking for name of British type restaurant in 1970s in San Francisco cannery I think like a historical estate, served beef Wellington with Yorkshire pudding. Can you remember name? Ben something?

Anonymous said...

I think it was called Ben Johnson

CapnHawk said...

Definitely Ben Johnson's. Excellent food.

Unknown said...

Loved the Ben Johnson. Their Welsh Rarebit was fabulous. And family style dining. Open walkways, trees, flowers and always live music. So sad it's gone. Bygone era!

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